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INDONESIA


2009 - Earthquake Emergency Response

On September, 2009 a powerful 7.6 earthquake struck off the western Sumatra coast, Indonesia, in the port city of Padang, Sumatra (population approximately 900,000 people). A second 6.2 earthquake occurred 22 minutes later. A third 6.8 quake struck early the following morning. The cumulative impact of these events left a broad swath of destruction. Over 1,100 people died and 198,200 households were in need of humanitarian assistance including emergency shelter.

The earthquake has caused extensive damage to infrastructure destroying health services, schools and roads. Padang City experienced significant damage to their water and sanitation systems which had the potential to propel infectious disease outbreaks.

While simultaneously to the Philippines Typhoon, AAI sent a Disaster Response and Assessment Team to Western Sumatra, Indonesia. AAI provided initial emergency healthcare and assisted with the coordination of the humanitarian response. 


 2006 - Earthquake Emergency Response

Another misfortune befell Indonesia in May 2006. Yogyakarta was struck by an 5.9 earthquake. The most affected districts were Bantul and Kulonprogo to the south of Yogyakarta killing more than 6,000 people. Indonesia was one of the countries severely affected by the 2004 earthquake and tsunami.

Immediately after the May 2006 earthquake that affected the island of Java, AAI deployed a DART who were on the ground within twenty four hours and commenced immediate emergency medical management in the more isolated and remote areas of Bantul District.

AAI undertook long term capacity building within the existing Indonesian health care system and conducted training and education in various areas of health management including medical case definitions and treatment of notifiable diseases, early warning disease surveillance, spinal patient care and trauma management.

AAI also saw the need for water and sanitation projects to address other major public health issues. AAI cleaned and repaired thousands of wells, distributed and constructed latrines (while training locals on construction techniques) and conducting health and hygiene promotion and distribution of family hygiene kits and water containers. AAI also distributed rubble cleaning kits to the community to assist with house reconstruction activities.

As part of its long term disaster risk reduction program AAI re-built earthquake resistant schools and health facilities along with a complete stocks of medical supplies and equipment and training in DRR.

 

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