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PAKISTAN


2012  - Flood Emergency Response 

In September 2012 there was a a substantial increase in numbers affected by heavy rains 10 – 15 September. The latest National Disaster Management Agency (NDMA) figures indicate that the floods have affected 4.5m people, caused 370 deaths, injured 1,197 people, damaged 276,000 houses and 767,000 acres of crops, and washed away 7,800 head of cattle. Six districts have been severely affected in the province of Sindh. High levels of standing water remain in five districts of Balochistan and official information on the extent of damages those districts is still unavailable. In Punjab the MIRA team reports that people in the most-affected areas of Rajanpur District are in need of food, emergency shelter, drinking water and health services. There are fears of disease outbreaks in parts of the district and several areas remain inaccessible.

The Government has announced $64m of assistance, initial focus has been food and health support. There is a possibility of further support, including through cash transfers. The Provincial Disaster Management Agency (PDMA) Sindh is distributing food bags to the flood-affected districts every day and are working with clusters  to complete the MIRA exercise. The NDMA has provided 15,000 tents and 25,000 more are on the way to the affected districts.  

AAI has partnered with a local NGO, HANDS, to provide emergency shelter to 100 families in Sindh Province and has healthcare professionals on standby to provide medical support if required. 


2010 - Flood Emergency Response 

Over the course of the 2010 monsoon season, Pakistan experienced the worst floods in its history. Heavy rainfall, flash floods and riverine floods combined to create a moving body of water equal in dimension to the land mass of the United Kingdom. The floods affected 84 districts out of a total of 121 districts in Pakistan, and more than 20 million people – one-tenth of Pakistan’s population – devastating villages from the Himalayas to the Arabian Sea. More than 1,700 men, women and children lost their lives, and at least 1.8 million homes were damaged or destroyed.

AAI deployed a Disaster Assessment and Response Team to coordinate with local partners on the ground and to determine the most urgent areas requiring assistance. Following the course of the flood and identifying the last affected areas in Pakistan, AAI sent its team to the most Southern Province in Pakistan to provide assistance in an area where minimal aid had been received. AAI commenced operations on providing primary healthcare to remote communities. AAI then moved to longer term programs in construction of wells and hygiene promotion. AAI worked with local grass route organisations in building their capacity in disaster risk reduction. AAI also provided recovery programs in the education sector repairing schools and providing education kits to children.


2005 - Earthquake Emergency Response 

On October 2005 history of Pakistan turned a new page when northern part of the country was hit by massive earthquake. Parts of Azad Kashmir, Khyber PakhtunKhwa (NWFP) and Punjab were severely affected by the tremors and aftershocks that continued for months. Many of these areas were extremely isolated and remote and a large area was situated in the conflict zone of the Pakistan and Indian Border region in Kashmir. The earthquake left some 90,000 dead and millions homeless in its wake.

AAI responded to the South Asia Earthquake in Pakistan by providing emergency medical personnel to the remotest areas in the Azard Jammu Kashmir Province. In conjunction with emergency healthcare AAI constructed thousands of emergency shelters to assist the United Nations “Operation Winter Race”. After the initial emergency response AAI commenced a long term recovery program which included vaccinations campaigns, nutrition and hygiene projects, training health workers in primary health care and community health, reconstructing health facilities and distributing medical supplies and equipment.

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